Timber flooring can strike just the right note in any style of home. It looks natural, warm and rustic in a country cottage and, in a contemporary setting, it can add texture and create an organic feel. Moreover, in both modern and period homes, the various vinyl and laminated versions can be an excellent and practical choice.
Wooden flooring is under constant technical development; the latest ranges have tough, long-lasting finishes and are straightforward to install. There's no need to worry about gaps between boards; the click-and-lock systems mean the task can be handled by an experienced DIY-er, although most suppliers will also offer an installation service. All types of wooden flooring can be laid over practically any sub-floor, including floorboards, concrete, old tiles or a boarded surface, as long as the surface is sound, dry and flat.
Reclaimed timber flooring, however, is a slightly different proposition, as it won't be neatly cut to size and it's also difficult to judge what it will look like once it's been finished. Take advice from the supplier on how much to buy and which finish to choose, and always ensure that you've bought enough - it will be tiresome to track down similar boards elsewhere. It's also worth experimenting with cleaning and/or finishes on a spare board before installation.
As it is an integral part of the room and colour scheme, you should choose your timber floor at the start of the redecoration or refurbishment project. According to how light or dark the floor is, it can affect how paint and paper colours appear. Although some timber flooring - such as parquet, solid hardwood and reclaimed boards - can be darkened or lightened by sanding down and re-varnishing, it's not a job you are likely to want to do very often.
TYPES OF TIMBER FLOORING
Made from the named timbers, planks are solid all the way through. Some types are suitable for installation as the structural floor, without needing a sub-floor underneath.
This can be bought as bundles of planks, boards or panels from reclamation and salvage yards, or as whole floors from timber-flooring specialists. Prior to installation, reclaimed timber flooring can look very uninspiring. However, once it's laid, it can look incredible.
Multi-layered or engineered wood
This consists of a plywood or veneered base, built up with several layers of criss-crossed hard or softwood boards, and topped with a layer of the named timber. The construction of this flooring gives it strength and stability, so it's a good alternative to solid-wood flooring.
Made by producing an image of wood on a layer of plastic, which is laminated to a board backing. Top-quality versions have convincing textured finishes, and are hardwearing and tough. Inexpensive DIY store versions may look flat and lifeless, and the "wood" finish may flake or chip at the edges of the boards.
Vinyl flooring is widely available in timber patterns. Luxury sheet vinyl can be a good choice in the kitchen or bathroom, and is considerably cheaper than solid wood. Vinyl plank or block flooring feels harder underfoot, but, as each floor is individually designed, it always needs to be professionally laid.
- Timber flooring can be noisy, especially in upstairs rooms; use rugs to deaden the sound of footsteps in busy areas and always use the insulation suggested by the installers.
- Reclaimed timber flooring is usually well-worn and is tough enough for most living areas, although you should avoid bathrooms and kitchens
- Solid or engineered wood flooring is suitable for living rooms, dining rooms, halls and bedrooms.
- Laminates are suitable for living areas and bedrooms, but avoid rooms with water, as seepage between the joins can cause planks to swell or discolour.
- Vinyl look-alikes are good choices for bathrooms and kitchens, conservatories and utility rooms, as well as for main living areas.
STYLES AND GRADES OF WOOD FLOORING
Timber flooring comes as planks (also known as boards), each of which can be made up of a number of strips. A plank with a three-strip design has three narrow strips running the length of the plank. The floor will have a random strip pattern when laid. Planks can vary in thickness, each depth being more suitable for certain bases. For example, the thickest planks, at about 22mm, can be laid over joists as structural floorboards, while thinner planks, at about 7mm to 15mm thick are laid as overlay floors on to an existing smooth, dry sub-floor.
The surface finish of timber flooring is also given a grading. Premium or select grades are smooth, uniform and knot-free. Moving down the scale, grades referred to as "natural" or "rustic" are less uniform and, in many cases, more realistic and appealing. Only order your flooring when you have seen a sample of the exact plank - strip, colour, grade and finish.
Wooden Floors and the Environment
Timber flooring is generally acknowledged to be ecologically sound, providing it is produced using timber from sustainable forests. Reputable stores will only deal with manufacturers who use wood from certified sources. In the UK, the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) scheme is widely recognised and includes a certified chain that tracks timber through every stage, from forest to retailer. For further details, visit fsc-uk.org or call 01686 413916.
There's currently a move away from narrow, pale woods, towards darker wood and reclaimed flooring. Oak is a perennial favourite, possibly due to its middle-range colour options, and the fact that it blends with virtually any colour scheme or style.
Extra-wide boards and planks (up to 76cm wide in some cases) are becoming favourites too, many with distressed finishes such as "smoked" effects. For laminate flooring, choose designs with V-grooves along the long and short edges of the boards, and with textured surfaces, which look far more realistic than completely smooth surfaces.
LONGEVITY AND UPKEEP
Solid-hardwood flooring is incredibly hard-wearing, and will last for many years. It can be sanded down and resurfaced every five to seven years. Engineered flooring will normally withstand one or two sandings, but no more than that. Real wood flooring will age gracefully, and the signs of wear and tear are an acceptable feature - just as timber furniture ages and picks up the occasional dent or mark, so will timber flooring. Laminate flooring cannot be sanded when chipped, damaged or scratched, although the best quality ones are very hardwearing and scratch resistant in the first place.
Save timber floors from getting scratched by grit, dust and dirt by regularly sweeping with a soft brush or vacuuming them. Also mop the floor once a week or so with a well-wrung mop. A detergent can be added to the water, depending on whether the floor has a hard (varnished or lacquered) or soft (waxed or oiled) finish. Hard finishes provide a protective barrier for the wood, and offer a high level of protection, but are more difficult to repair if damaged.
A serious scratch or dent in a lacquered finish usually means the whole floor has to be sanded back and then relacquered or revarnished. Waxed or oiled finishes are softer, and protect the surface by sinking into the wood itself. They're most successful if you want to nurture an aged, worn look for your wooden floor. If waxed or oiled woods get damaged, the whole floor will not need to be redone, as it is possible to sand back and re-wax or re-oil an isolated area.
Vinyl wood-look flooring is easy to clean; regular sweeping and mopping is all it needs, and scuff marks can be removed by applying a little white spirit using a soft cloth.
WOOD FLOORING DIRECTORY
Amtico 0121 745 0800; amtico.com. Luxury vinyl flooring in tiles, planks and strips, available in a selection of wood effects. Each floor is individually designed for that particular room.
Alcro-Beckers Floor Finishes at Ray Munn 020 7736 9876. Specialist Swedish floor finishes for all types of timber flooring.
Broadleaf Timber 01269 851910; broadleaf-timber.co.uk. Expert suppliers of aged and distressed timber boards and parquet flooring. Fitting and joinery services available.
Cosyfloor 01932 866600; cosyfloor.com. Manufacturers of Ecomat heating elements suitable for use with timber and laminate floors.
David Gunton Hardwood Flooring 01606 861 442; wideboards.com. Designers and installers of bespoke hardwood floors, including inlaid marquetry and parquet. Specialists in extra-wide and extra-long boards.
Devi 0845 434 9990; devi.co.uk. Manufacturers of underfloor heating systems for use with timber floors.
Drummonds Flooring 020 7376 4499; drummondsflooring.co.uk. Antique and reclaimed oak and pine flooring.
Ebony and Co 020 7734 0734; ebonyandco.com. Timber flooring specialists, including wide planks and underfloor heating for timber.
Element 7 020 7736 2366; element7.co.uk. Ultra-wide plank hardwood floors.
European Heritage 020 7381 6063; europeanheritage.co.uk. Specialists in timber and stone flooring. Some of the timber flooring is suitable for use with underfloor heating.
FlooringSupplies.co.uk, 0800 999 8100, flooringsupplies.co.uk. Family-run business since 1932 with a wide variety of flooring available.
Floors-2-Go 0121 359 0234; floors2go.co.uk. Competitively priced laminate and timber flooring at over 140 stores throughout the country.
Gerflor UK 01926 401500; gerflor.co.uk. Cushioned vinyl flooring with slip-resistant finishes, available in wood-effect designs.
The Hardwood Flooring Company 020 7431 7000; hardwoodflooringcompany.com. Offers an extensive range of solid and veneered, unfinished and pre-finished flooring
Junckers 01376 534700; junckers.co.uk. Solid hardwood floors, including structural floors as well as the more usual overlay floors. Wide choice of finishes and accessories.
Kahrs 023 9245 3045; kahrs.co.uk. Solid hardwood and engineered wooden floors, with an impressive selection of timbers, finishes, colours, grains and sizes.
Karndean International 01386 820100; karndean.com/en-gb. Luxury vinyl flooring in convincing wood-look designs.
Lassco 020 7394 2100; lassco.co.uk. Reclaimed flooring for use in historic restoration and contemporary interiors.
Listone Giordano at Tuttoparquet 020 7435 8282; tuttoparquet.co.uk. Sells the complete range of Listone Giordano engineered-timber floors.
Metsa Wood 020 8437 8369; metsawood.com/uk. High-quality engineered flooring, available from Build Center.
The Natural Wood Floor Company 020 8871 9771; naturalwoodfloor.co.uk. Wide range of timber flooring at realistic prices.
Novilon from Forbo 0800 028 2162; forbo-flooring.co.uk/novilon/. Luxury cushioned vinyl flooring available in a good choice of wood-look designs.
Osmo 01296 481220; osmouk.com. Suppliers of wood finishes, solid-timber flooring, parquet and engineered floors, plus cleaning products for all types of wood floor.
Parador parador.de. Solid timber and laminates with automatic click system for easy fitting. Supplies through 125 stockists nationwide.
Pergo 0844 811 8288; pergo.com. High-quality laminate flooring in superior finishes and designs.
Polestar Flooring & Design 020 7266 4418; polestaruk.com. Unique, decorative hardwood timber floors, each individually designed.
Polyflor polyflor.com. Luxury vinyl tiles and planks in both timber and natural stone finishes suitable for bathrooms and kitchens, and also with underfloor heating.
Quick Step quick-step.com. High-quality laminate flooring with textured and realistic wooden finishes.
Richard Burbidge 01691 678300; richardburbidge.co.uk. Engineered wood flooring in stylish, affordable designs.
Solid Floor 020 7486 4838; solidfloor.co.uk. Suppliers of solid-wood flooring, also natural floorcoverings. All solid-timber finishes available as Duplex boards for use with underfloor heating.
Tarkett tarkett.co.uk. Large range of hardwood, including dark wood, laminate and vinyl. Visit website for stockists.
Timbmet 01865 862223; timbmet.com/. Wide range of solid wood and engineered flooring including stained and distressed looks.
The V4 Collection 01276 488099; woodfloors.co.uk. Several branches in the South East, an informative website and wide range of timbers to choose from.
Victorian Woodworks 020 7730 6957; victorianwoodworks.co.uk. Specialist suppliers of reclaimed and antique timber floors, plus new hardwood floors. Full design and installation service.
Walking On Wood 020 7352 7311; walkingonwood.com. Wide range of timbers, including parquet panels.
Weldon 01636 639 800; weldon.co.uk. Designers manufacturers and installers of all types of hardwood flooring, with particular expertise in elaborate marquetry and parquet flooring.
WFS Flooring 01342 770698; woodlinefloors.co.uk. Upofloor engineered wooden flooring, in a choice of colours and finishes.
If you're eager to install natural flooring, but can't see the wood through the trees, check out our guide to every type.